Unleashing the Power of Green: Sustainable Success through HRM, Supply Chains, and Innovation- A Comprehensive Review of Literature
More details
Hide details
Department of Business & Management, Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), Malaysia
Department of Human Resources Management, Northern Border University, Saudi Arabia
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Submission date: 2023-12-02
Final revision date: 2024-02-18
Acceptance date: 2024-03-06
Online publication date: 2024-04-08
Publication date: 2024-04-19
Corresponding author
Mohamed Husni Ali Athamneh   

Department of Business & Management, Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), Indah2, 43000, malaysia, Malaysia
Management 2024;1:73-105
The burgeoning interest in sustainable company success models has experienced significant growth in recent years. Despite certain advancements in identifying this idea and promoting sustainable practices, there needs to be more understanding of the optimal organizational architecture for developing new business models or implementing sustainability-oriented adjustments in current ones. This article aims to comprehensively analyze sustainable business models, specifically focusing on the power of green. Additionally, this article provides a research agenda for future studies that might contribute to advancing knowledge in this field. A group of empirical research papers published in reputable Scopus and WoS indexed Journals from 2018 to 2023 were chosen for this study. The selection process involved a systematic approach to categorizing and synthesizing the findings about the subject matter. Upon thoroughly examining the articles, it has been determined that sustainable success may be attained by focusing on three primary variables: Human resource management, supply chains, and innovation. This research contributes to the existing body of knowledge in green business. This study offers a framework for researchers to investigate emergent domains to attain sustainable development. Furthermore, this article presents suggestions and discussions regarding potential avenues for further research. Universities, organizations, and corporate entities can benefit from leveraging these valuable reviews to facilitate research.
Abbasi, S., & Ahmadi Choukolaei, H. (2023). A systematic review of green supply chain network design literature focusing on carbon policy. Decision Analytics Journal, 6(January), 100189.
Abdelhamied, H. H., Elbaz, A. M., Al-Romeedy, B. S., & Amer, T. M. (2023). Linking Green Human Resource Practices and Sustainable Performance: The Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction and Green Motivation. Sustainability, 15(6), 4835.
Abu Seman, N. A., Govindan, K., Mardani, A., Zakuan, N., Mat Saman, M. Z., Hooker, R. E., & Ozkul, S. (2019). The mediating effect of green innovation on the relationship between green supply chain management and environmental performance. Journal of Cleaner Production, 229, 115–127.
Adubor, N. V., Adeniji, A. A., Salau, O. P., Olajugba, O. J., & Onibudo, G. O. (2022). Exploring Green Human Resource Adoption and Corporate Sustainability in Nigerian Manufacturing Industry. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(19).
Aftab, J., Abid, N., Cucari, N., & Savastano, M. (2023). Green human resource management and environmental performance: The role of green innovation and environmental strategy in a developing country. Business Strategy and the Environment, 32(4), 1782–1798.
Afum, E., Issau, K., Agyabeng-Mensah, Y., Baah, C., Dacosta, E., Essandoh, E., & Agyenim Boateng, E. (2023). The missing links of sustainable supply chain management and green radical product innovation between sustainable entrepreneurship orientation and sustainability performance. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 21(1), 167–187. https://.
Agrawal, V., Mohanty, R. P., Agarwal, S., Dixit, J. K., & Agrawal, A. M. (2023). Analyzing critical success factors for sustainable green supply chain management. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 25(8), 8233–8258.
Al-Abbadi, L. H., & Abu Rumman, A. R. (2023). Sustainable performance based on entrepreneurship, innovation, and green HRM in e-Business Firms. Cogent Business and Management, 10(1).
Albrakat, N. S. A., Al-Hawary, S. I. S., & Muflih, S. M. (2023). Green supply chain practices and their effects on operational performance: An experimental study in Jordanian private hospitals. Uncertain Supply Chain Management, 11(2), 523–532.
Alraja, M. N., Imran, R., Khashab, B. M., & Shah, M. (2022). Technological innovation, sustainable green practices and SMEs sustainable performance in times of crisis (COVID-19 pandemic). Information Systems Frontiers, 24(4), 1081-1105.
Andjarwati, T., Budiarti, E., Audah, A. K., Khouri, S., & Rębilas, R. (2019). The impact of green human resource management to gain enterprise sustainability. Polish journal of management studies, 20(2), 93-103.
Athamneh, M. H. A., & Jais, J. (2023). Factors affecting human resource agility: A literature review and future research directions. Cogent Business and Management, 10(1).
Bahuguna, P. C., Srivastava, R., & Tiwari, S. (2023). Two-decade journey of green human resource management research: a bibliometric analysis. Benchmarking, 30(2), 585–602.
Borah, P. S., Dogbe, C. S. K., Pomegbe, W. W. K., Bamfo, B. A., & Hornuvo, L. K. (2023). Green market orientation, green innovation capability, green knowledge acquisition and green brand positioning as determinants of new product success. European Journal of Innovation Management, 26(2), 364-385.
Broccardo, L., Zicari, A., Jabeen, F., & Bhatti, Z. A. (2023). How digitalization supports a sustainable business model: A literature review. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 187(December 2022).
Calandra, D., Secinaro, S., Massaro, M., Dal Mas, F., & Bagnoli, C. (2023). The link between sustainable business models and Blockchain: A multiple case study approach. Business Strategy and the Environment, 32(4), 1403–1417.
Chatterjee, S., Chaudhuri, R., Kumar, A., Aránega, A. Y., & Biswas, B. (2023). Development of an integrative model for electronic vendor relationship management for improving technological innovation, social change and sustainability performance. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 186(November 2022).
Chien, F. (2023). The Impact of Green Investment, Eco-Innovation, and Financial Inclusion on Sustainable Development: Evidence from China. Engineering Economics, 34(1), 17–31.
Danilwan, Y., Isnaini, D. B. Y., Pratama, I., & Dirhamsyah, D. (2020). Inducing organizational citizenship behavior through green human resource management bundle: drawing implications for environmentally sustainable performance. A case study. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 10(October), 39-52.
Debnath, B., Siraj, M. T., Rashid, K. H. O., Mainul Bari, A. B. M., Karmaker, C. L., & Aziz, R. Al. (2023). Analyzing the critical success factors to implement green supply chain management in the apparel manufacturing industry: Implications for sustainable development goals in the emerging economies. Sustainable Manufacturing and Service Economics, 2(March),
Dhir, A., Khan, S. J., Islam, N., Ractham, P., & Meenakshi, N. (2023). Drivers of sustainable business model innovations. An upper echelon theory perspective. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 191(March), 122409.
Dzikriansyah, M. A., Masudin, I., Zulfikarijah, F., Jihadi, M., & Jatmiko, R. D. (2023). The role of green supply chain management practices on environmental performance: A case of Indonesian small and medium enterprises. Cleaner Logistics and Supply Chain, 6(January), 100100.
Fang, Z. (2023). Assessing the impact of renewable energy investment, green technology innovation, and industrialization on sustainable development: A case study of China. Renewable Energy, 205, 772-782.
Grijalvo, M., & García-Wang, C. (2023). Sustainable business model for climate finance. Key drivers for the commercial banking sector. Journal of Business Research, 155(PB), 113446.
Hao, X., Fu, W., & Albitar, K. (2023). Innovation with ecological sustainability: does corporate environmental responsibility matter in green innovation?. Journal of Economic Analysis, 2(3), 21-42.
Hao, Y., Wang, C., Yan, G., Irfan, M., & Chang, C. P. (2023). Identifying the nexus among environmental performance, digital finance, and green innovation: New evidence from prefecture-level cities in China. Journal of Environmental Management, 335(November 2022), 117554.
Henderson, K., & Loreau, M. (2023). A model of Sustainable Development Goals: Challenges and opportunities in promoting human well-being and environmental sustainability. Ecological Modelling, 475(November 2022), 110164.
Hobson, J., Lynch, K., Roberts, H., & Payne, B. (2019). Community Ownership of Local Assets: conditions for sustainable success. Journal of Rural Studies, 65(November 2018), 116–125.
Huang, W., Chau, K. Y., Kit, I. Y., Nureen, N., Irfan, M., & Dilanchiev, A. (2022). Relating Sustainable Business Development Practices and Information Management in Promoting Digital Green Innovation: Evidence From China. Frontiers in Psychology, 13(June), 1–12.
Huffman, M., Wang, Q., & Khan, F. (2023). Analysis of sustainability metrics from a process design and operation perspective. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 177(August), 1351–1365.
Huo, X., Azhar, A., Rehman, N., & Majeed, N. (2022). The Role of Green Human Resource Management Practices in Driving Green Performance in the Context of Manufacturing SMEs. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(24).
Imran, R., Alraja, M. N., & Khashab, B. (2021). Sustainable performance and green innovation: Green human resources management and big data as antecedents. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 70(12), 4191–4206.
Islam, M. A., Mendy, J., Haque, A. K. M. A., & Rahman, M. (2022). Green human resource management practices and millennial employees’ retention in small and medium enterprises: The moderating impact of creativity climate from a developing country perspective. Business Strategy and Development, 5(4), 335–349.
Jawaad, M., Hasan, T., Amir, A., & Imam, H. (2022). Exploring the impact of green human resource management on firm sustainable performance: roles of green supply chain management and firm size. Journal of Management & Organization, August, 1–23.
Jehan, Y., Hussai, D., Batool, M., & Imran, M. (2021). Effect of green human resource management practices on environmental sustainability. International Journal of Human Capital in Urban Management, 5(2), 153–164.
Jermsittiparsert, K., Siriattakul, P., & Wattanapongphasuk, S. (2019). Determining the environmental performance of Indonesian SMEs influence by green supply chain practices with moderating role of green HR practices. International Journal of Supply Chain Management, 8(3),59-70.
Jum’a, L. (2023). The impact of green supply chain management practices on sustainable development goals: The case of mining sector in Jordan. Environmental Development, 48(May), 100934.
Kamble, S. S., Gunasekaran, A., & Gawankar, S. A. (2020). Achieving sustainable performance in a data-driven agriculture supply chain: A review for research and applications. International Journal of Production Economics, 219, 179-194.
Karuppiah, K., Sankaranarayanan, B., & Ali, S. M. (2023). A systematic review of sustainable business models: Opportunities, challenges, and future research directions. Decision Analytics Journal, 8(February), 100272.
Khan, S. A. R., Tabish, M., & Zhang, Y. (2023). Embracement of industry 4.0 and sustainable supply chain practices under the shadow of practicebased view theory: Ensuring environmental sustainability in corporate sector. Journal of Cleaner Production, 398(August 2022), 136609.
Kholaif, M. M. N. H. K., & Ming, X. (2023). COVID-19’s fear-uncertainty effect on green supply chain management and sustainability performances: the moderate effect of corporate social responsibility. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 30(15), 42541–42562.
Kusumawati, R. A. (2021). A nexus between green HRM (GHRM), supply chain performance (Scp) and business performance (BP): The mediating role of supply chain organizational learning (Scol). Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 14(2), 329-344.
Li, H., Li, Y., Sarfarz, M., & Ozturk, I. (2023). Enhancing firms’ green innovation and sustainable performance through the mediating role of green product innovation and moderating role of employees’ green behavior. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istrazivanja , 36(2).
Liao, J., Liu, X., Zhou, X., & Tursunova, N. R. (2023). Analyzing the role of renewable energy transition and industrialization on ecological sustainability: Can green innovation matter in OECD countries. Renewable Energy, 204(August 2022), 141–151.
Lu, Y., Zhang, M. M., Yang, M. M., & Wang, Y. (2023). Sustainable human resource management practices, employee resilience, and employee outcomes: Toward common good values. Human Resource Management, 62(3), 331–353.
Ma, M., Zhu, X., Liu, M., & Huang, X. (2023). Combining the role of green finance and environmental sustainability on green economic growth: Evidence from G-20 economies. Renewable Energy, 207(January 2023), 128–136.
Malik, S. Y., Cao, Y., Mughal, Y. H., Kundi, G. M., Mughal, M. H., & Ramayah, T. (2020). Pathways towards sustainability in organizations: Empirical evidence on the role of green human resource management practices and green intellectual capital. Sustainability, 12(8), 3228.
Malik, S. Y., Mughal, Y. H., Azam, T., Cao, Y., Wan, Z., Zhu, H., & Thurasamy, R. (2021). Corporate social responsibility, green human resources management, and sustainable performance: is organizational citizenship behavior towards environment the missing link? Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(3), 1–24.
Mardani, A., Kannan, D., Hooker, R. E., Ozkul, S., Alrasheedi, M., & Tirkolaee, E. B. (2020). Evaluation of green and sustainable supply chain management using structural equation modelling: A systematic review of the state of the art literature and recommendations for future research. Journal of cleaner production, 249, 119383.
Men, F., Yaqub, R. M. S., Yan, R., Irfan, M., & Haider, A. (2023). The impact of top management support, perceived justice, supplier management, and sustainable supply chain management on moderating the role of supply chain agility. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 10(January), 1–19.
Mignon, I., & Bankel, A. (2023). Sustainable business models and innovation strategies to realize them: A review of 87 empirical cases. Business Strategy and the Environment, 32(4), 1357–1372.
Mohammed, A. A., & Fisal, M. Z. (2023). The nexus between green human resource management processes and the sustainability of educational institutions: the mediating effect of strategic excellence. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 15(4), 947–965.
Montag, L. (2023). Circular economy and supply chains: definitions, conceptualizations, and research agenda of the circular supply chain framework. Circular Economy and Sustainability, 3(1), 35-75.
Mousa, S. K., & Othman, M. (2020). The impact of green human resource management practices on sustainable performance in healthcare organisations: A conceptual framework. Journal of Cleaner Production, 243, 118595.
Muisyo, P. K., & Qin, S. (2021). Enhancing the FIRM’S green performance through green HRM: The moderating role of green innovation culture. Journal of cleaner production, 289, 125720.
Özaşkın, A., & Görener, A. (2023). An integrated multi-criteria decisionmaking approach for overcoming barriers to green supply chain management and prioritizing alternative solutions. Supply Chain Analytics, 3(March), 100027.
Pan, L., Xu, Z., & Skare, M. (2023). Sustainable business model innovation literature: a bibliometrics analysis. Review of Managerial Science, 17(3), 757–785.
Petticrew, M., & Roberts, H. (2008). Systematic reviews in the social sciences: A practical guide. In John Wiley & Sons.
Piwowar-Sulej, K., & Iqbal, Q. (2023). Leadership styles and sustainable performance: A systematic literature review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 382(January 2022), 134600.
Rajabpour, E., Fathi, M. R., & Torabi, M. (2022). Analysis of factors affecting the implementation of green human resource management using a hybrid fuzzy AHP and type-2 fuzzy DEMATEL approach. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29(32), 48720–48735.
Ritala, P., Huotari, P., Bocken, N., Albareda, L., & Puumalainen, K. (2018). Sustainable business model adoption among S&P 500 firms: A longitudinal content analysis study. Journal of Cleaner Production, 170, 216–226.
Sahebalzamani, S., Jørgensen, E. J. B., Bertella, G., & Nilsen, E. R. (2023). A Dynamic Capabilities Approach to Business Model Innovation in Times of Crisis. Tourism Planning and Development, 20(2), 138–161.
Sahoo, S., Kumar, A., & Upadhyay, A. (2023). How do green knowledge management and green technology innovation impact corporate environmental performance? Understanding the role of green knowledge acquisition. Business Strategy and the Environment, 32(1), 551–569.
Sakharina IK, S. I., Kadarudin, K., Patittingi F, P. F., Hasrul M, H. M., Latif B, L. B., & Palutturi S, P. S. (2020). The impact of green human resource practices on environmental performance. Polish Journal of Management Studies.
Saini, N., Malik, K., & Sharma, S. (2023). Transformation of Supply Chain Management to Green Supply Chain Management: Certain investigations for research and applications. Cleaner Materials, 7(January), 100172.
Saleem, U., Joshi, B., & Bandyopadhyay, S. (2023). Hydrometallurgical Routes to Close the Loop of Electric Vehicle (EV) Lithium-Ion Batteries (LIBs) Value Chain: A Review. Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 9(3), 950–971.
Sharif, A., Kocak, S., Khan, H. H. A., Uzuner, G., & Tiwari, S. (2023). Demystifying the links between green technology innovation, economic growth, and environmental tax in ASEAN-6 countries: The dynamic role of green energy and green investment. Gondwana Research, 115, 98–106.
Sikora, A. (2021). European Green Deal – legal and financial challenges of the climate change. ERA Forum, 21(4), 681–697.
Singh, P. (2023). Implementation of Green Supply Chain Management Practices : Examples from India International Business and logistics. January, 39.
Singh, A. K., Raza, S. A., Nakonieczny, J., & Shahzad, U. (2023). Role of financial inclusion, green innovation, and energy efficiency for environmental performance? Evidence from developed and emerging economies in the lens of sustainable development. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 64, 213-224.
Singh, S. K., Del Giudice, M., Chierici, R., & Graziano, D. (2020). Green innovation and environmental performance: The role of green transformational leadership and green human resource management. Technological forecasting and social change, 150, 119762.
Suharti, L., & Sugiarto, A. (2020). A qualitative study OF Green HRM practices and their benefits in the organization: An Indonesian company experience. Business: Theory and Practice, 21(1), 200-211.
Sun, Y., Gao, P., Tian, W., & Guan, W. (2023). Green innovation for resource efficiency and sustainability: Empirical analysis and policy. Resources Policy, 81(November 2022), 103369.
Tanova, C., & Bayighomog, S. W. (2022). Green human resource management in service industries: the construct, antecedents, consequences, and outlook. Service Industries Journal, 42(5–6), 412–452.
Tranfield, D., Denyer, D., & Smart, P. (2003). Towards a Methodology for Developing Evidence-Informed Management Knowledge by Means of Systematic Review* Introduction: the need for an evidence- informed approach. British Journal of Management, 14, 207–222.
Tristanto, T. A., Nugraha, N., Waspada, I., Mayasari, M., & Kurniati, P. S. (2023). Sustainability Performance Impact of Corporate Performance in Indonesia Banking. Journal of Eastern European and Central Asian Research, 10(4), 668–678.
Udeagha, M. C., & Ngepah, N. (2023). Striving towards carbon neutrality target in BRICS economies: Assessing the implications of composite risk index, green innovation, and environmental policy stringency. Sustainable Environment, 9(1).
Wang, Y., Han, J. H., & Beynon-Davies, P. (2019). Understanding blockchain technology for future supply chains: a systematic literature review and research agenda. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 24(1), 62-84.
Wang, S., Abbas, J., Sial, M. S., Álvarez-Otero, S., & Cioca, L. I. (2022). Achieving green innovation and sustainable development goals through green knowledge management: Moderating role of organizational green culture. Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, 7(4).
Wang, Y., Yang, Y., Qin, Z., Yang, Y., & Li, J. (2023). A Literature Review on the Application of Digital Technology in Achieving Green Supply Chain Management. Sustainability (Switzerland), 15(11), 1–18.
Wongsansukcharoen, J., & Thaweepaiboonwong, J. (2023). Effect of innovations in human resource practices, innovation capabilities, and competitive advantage on small and medium enterprises’ performance in Thailand. European Research on Management and Business Economics, 29(1), 100210.
Wulandari, E. T., & Nawangsari, L. C. (2021). The Effect of Green Human Resources Management on Sustainability Business Companies (Case Study on Employee Claim Department PT. Prudential Life Assurance). European Journal of Business and Management Research, 6(1), 238–242.
Yin, S., Jia, F., Chen, L., & Wang, Q. (2023). Circular economy practices and sustainable performance: A meta-analysis. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 190(January), 106838.
Yin, X., Khan, A. J., Basheer, M. F., Iqbal, J., & Hameed, W. U. (2023). Green human resource management: a need of time and a sustainable solution for organizations and environment. Environment, Development and Sustainability, September.
Yong, J. Y., Yusliza, M. Y., Ramayah, T., Chiappetta Jabbour, C. J., Sehnem, S., & Mani, V. (2020). Pathways towards sustainability in manufacturing organizations: Empirical evidence on the role of green human resource management. Business Strategy and the Environment, 29(1), 212–228.
Zaid, A. A., Jaaron, A. A. M., & Talib Bon, A. (2018). The impact of green human resource management and green supply chain management practices on sustainable performance: An empirical study. Journal of Cleaner Production, 204, 965–979.
Zhang, W., Zhang, W., & Daim, T. U. (2023). The voluntary green behavior in green technology innovation: The dual effects of green human resource management system and leader green traits. Journal of Business Research, 165(May), 114049.
Zhao, W., & Huang, L. (2022). The impact of green transformational leadership, green HRM, green innovation and organizational support on the sustainable business performance: evidence from China. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istrazivanja , 35(1), 6121–6141.
ISSN:1429-9321 (1997-2019)
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top