Manuscript structure
Structure of a scientific manuscript

Provides a description of the content of the article. Indicates the issue analyzed, the research problem, the purpose of the research, the methods used, the main results and the conclusions formulated.
The volume of the abstract is max. 300 words.

Words relating to the article, expressing its essence. They make it possible to categorize the content of the article and thus help interested people to search for it.

JEL Classification
Journal of Economic Literature Code Classification is a subject classification developed by the Journal of Economic Literature. It is mainly used to classify scientific articles.
Available at:

You should be precise about the area of focus so that readers can properly orient themselves before diving into your paper. State the aim of the work or hypothesis. Cite current and relevant literature. Avoid copying text from other articles. Show the research gap. Present a research problem.

Describe the research method used. Please explain how you did it and justify the method you used. Explain to readers how the results were analyzed. Include all the variables, assumptions you made in the study.

List the results of your research in a logical order. Do not interpret the results here. Your observations should relate to the goal, hypothesis, topic of the article. Use the past tense to describe.

Analyze and interpret the obtained results. Explain the meaning of these results. Lead the discussion from the general to the specific. Compare the obtained results with the results of similar studies (if any).

Make a summary of the main points of the article. Explain in a simple and concise way the main ideas and arguments presented in the article. Try to avoid introducing new ideas. Explain the meaning of the article.

List of literature cited in the article, written according to the guidelines for authors

It is possible to include a thank you note or to specify the source of funding for the article

Typical manuscript structures:
Science articleReview articleMethodology article
Abstract + + +
Keywords + + +
JEL Classification + + +
Introduction + + +
Methods + +/- methodology section
Results + +/- discuss your analysis
Discussion + + discuss sampling process
Conclusions + + address research limitations
Concluding summary - - +
"+" - required, "+/-" - optional, "-" - not required.

Authors' contributions
At this point, he contribution of all authors to the article should be given. Authors' contribution data includes:
  • article conception
  • theoretical content of the article
  • research methods applied
  • conducting the research
  • data collection
  • analysis and interpretation of results
  • draft manuscript preparation
ISSN:1429-9321 (1997-2019)